of the Weekly Reading: VaYikra, Shabbat
To be read on 11 Adar Beit 5763 (March
Torah: Lev. 1:1-5:26, Maftir: Deut. 25:17-19;
Haftorah: Samuel I 5:1-34 (pre-Purim)
Stats: VaYikra 1st Reading out of 10 in Leviticus and
24th overall, contains 11 positive mitzvot and 5 prohibitive
mitzvot. It is written on 215 lines in a parchment Torah scroll, 19th
out of 54 in overall length.
A discussion of how to bring burnt offerings
of cattle, smaller animals and birds. Different types of meal offerings: burnt,
baked, pan fried, deep fried, and the offering of the first grain of the season.
A discussion of other types of offerings: Peace offerings could be of cattle,
sheep or goats. Sin offerings are brought as an atonement. The sin offering for
the high priest, then for the community, for the king or for an individual. Sins
that the Torah delineates specifically as requiring a sin offering, in which cases
he can choose between smaller animals, birds or a meal offering. Details about
guilt offerings brought because of errors, doubtful situations or dishonesty or
FROM THE CHASSIDIC
his offering be an ascending sacrifice (olah)...of his own voluntary will,
before G-d." (1:3)
The root of the Hebrew word "olah"
means "height" or "elevation," teaching us that if a person
truly desires to lift himself up and draw near to G-d, he must sacrifice "his
own voluntary will," as our Sages said (Avot 2:3), "Nullify your will
(Magid of Mezeritch)
"If one's offering
is a burnt-offering from cattle." (1:3)
The service of the sin-offering
is performed before the service of the ascending-offering, but the Torah mentions
them in the opposite order. This is because the ascending-offering is an atonement
for sinful thoughts or ideas, which precede the actual wrongdoing, for which the
sin- offering is an atonement.
maintains war against Amalek from generation to generation." (Ex. 17:16)
the Jews left Egypt, they were on the highest level of faith in G-d. Amalek's
attack on the Jewish people was not merely intended to destroy them physically,
but to detach them from G-d spiritually, by putting doubts in their mind about
G-d. Whenever a Jew has doubts about Judaism, Amalek is at work. G-d is so angry
at Amalek that He wants to wipe out his remembrance entirely.
who reads the Megila backwards has not fulfilled his obligation." (Mishna,
A person must not view the story of Purim as just a historical narrative,
something that happened long ago in another time and place. The purpose of reading
the Megila on Purim is to ensure that these days are remembered and kept throughout
the generations. The events of Purim are not only relevant to the present time,
but each detail of the story contains lessons to be applied in our daily lives.
A MYSTICAL CHASSIDIC
FROM THE MASTERS OF KABBALA