Seventh Day of Passover
When G-d Told Us Not to Pray!
We all know the feeling: we wake up one morning to the
realization that the world is not as we would like it to be.
A common experience,
to be sure, but many and diverse are the ways in which a person may react to it.
One man embarks on a quixotic crusade to change the world.
A second gives
up the world for lost and retreats into whatever protective walls he can erect
around himself and his loved ones.
A third takes the "practical"
approach, accepting the world for what it is and doing his best under the circumstances.
A fourth recognizes his inability to deal with the situation and looks to
a higher authority for guidance and aid.
The Four Factions
Our forefathers experienced just such a rude awakening on the seventh day after
their exodus from Egypt.
Ten devastating plagues had broken the might of
the Egyptians and forced them to let the Jewish people go. After two centuries
of exile and slavery, the children of Israel were headed toward Mount Sinai and
their covenant with G-d as His chosen people and a "light unto the nations."
Indeed, this was the stated purpose of the Exodus, as G-d told Moses, "When
you take this nation out of Egypt, you will serve G-d at this mountain" [Ex.
But suddenly the sea was before them, with Pharaoh's armies closing
in from behind. Egypt was alive and well, and the sea, too, seemed oblivious to
the destiny of the newly-born nation.
How did they react? The Midrash Mechilta
on Ex. 14: 13-15 from this week's Reading tells us that the Jewish people were
divided into four camps. There were those who said, "Let us throw ourselves
into the sea." A second group said, "Let us return to Egypt." A
third faction argued, "Let us wage war upon the Egyptians." Finally,
a fourth camp advocated: "Let us pray to G-d."
rejected all four options as inappropriate, saying to the people, "Fear not,
stand by and see the salvation of G-d, which He will show you today; for as you
have seen Egypt this day, you shall not see them again, forever. G-d shall fight
for you, and you shall be silent" [14:13-14].
"Fear not, stand
by and see the salvation of G-d," is Moses' response to those in despair
who wanted to plunge into the sea. "As you have seen Egypt this day, you
shall not see them again," is addressed to those who advocated surrender
and return to Egypt. "G-d shall fight for you," is the answer to those
who wished to battle the Egyptians, and "you shall be silent" is Moses'
rejection of those who said, "All we can do is pray."
is the Jew to do when caught between a hostile world and an unyielding sea? "Speak
to the children of Israel," said G-d to Moses, "that they shall go forward"
The Tzaddik in the Fur Coat
The road to Sinai
was rife with obstacles and challenges. The same is true of the road from Sinai,
our three-thousand-year quest to implement the ethos and ideals of Torah in our
Now, as then, there are several possible responses to an adverse
world. There is the "Let us throw ourselves into the sea" approach of
those who despair of their ability to resist, much less impact, the big bad world
out there. Let us plunge into the sea, they say, the sea of the Talmud, the sea
of piety, the sea of religious life. Let us sever all contact with an apostate
and promiscuous world. Let us build walls of holiness to protect ourselves and
our own from the alien winds which storm without, so that we may foster the legacy
of Sinai within.
An old chassidic saying refers to a such-minded individual
as a "tzaddik in peltz"–"a holy man in a fur coat."
There are two ways to warm yourself on a cold winter day: you can build a fire,
or wrap yourself in furs. When the isolationist tzaddik is asked, "Why do
you think only of conserving your own warmth? Why don't you build a fire that
may warm others as well?" he replies, "What's the use? Can I warm up
the entire world?" If you persist, pointing out that one small fire can thaw
several frozen individuals, who may, in turn, create enough fires to warm a small
corner of the universe, he doesn't understand what you want of him. He's a tzaddik,
remember, a perfectly righteous individual. There's no place for partial solutions
in his life. "It's hopeless," he sighs with genuine sadness and retreats
into his spiritual Atlantis.
A second "camp"
says, "Let us return to Egypt."
Plunging into the sea is not
an option, argues the Submissive Jew. This is the world that G-d has placed us
in, and our mission is to deal with it, not escape it. We'll just have to lower
our expectations a little.
This Exodus business was obviously a pipe dream.
How could we presume to liberate ourselves from the rules and constraints which
apply to everyone else? To be G-d's "chosen people" is nice, but let
us not forget that we are a minority, dependent on the goodwill of the Pharaohs
who hold sway in the real world out there.
Certainly, it is our duty to
influence the world. But then again, the Jew has many duties: it is his duty to
pray three times a day, to give to charity, and observe the Shabbos. So we'll
do what we have to. Yes, it's a tough life, keeping all these laws while making
sure not to antagonize your neighbors; but who ever said that being a Jew is easy?
A third response to an uncooperative world is that of the
Fighting Jew. He understands that it is wrong to escape the world, and equally
wrong to submit to it. So he takes it on, both barrels blazing, striding through
life with a holy chip on his shoulder, battling immorality, apostates, antisemites,
"Hellenist" Jews, and non-fighting Jews. Not for him is the escapism
of the first camp or the subservience of the second--he knows that his cause is
just, that G-d is on his side, that ultimately he will triumph. So if the world
won't listen to reason, he'll knock some sense into it.
** Proverbs 3:17; see Talmud, Gittin 59b
"You hope to peacefully change the world?!" say the other three camps.
"When was the last time you looked out the window? You might as well try
to empty the oceans with a teaspoon."
"You're absolutely right,"
says the Praying Jew. "Realistically, there's no way it can be done. But
who's being realistic?"
"Do you know what the common denominator
between all three of you is? Your assessments and strategies are all based on
the natural reality. But we inhabit a higher reality. Is not the very existence
of the Jewish people a miracle? Ours is the world of the spirit, of the word."
"So basically your approach is to do nothing," they counter.
"Again you are employing the standards of the material world," answers
the Praying Jew, "a world that views prayer as "doing nothing".
But a single prayer, coming from a caring heart, can achieve more than the most
secure fortress, the most flattering diplomat, or the most powerful army."
And what does G-d say? "Forward!"
it is important to safeguard and cultivate all that is pure and holy in the Jewish
soul, to create an inviolable sanctum of G-dliness in one's own heart and one's
community. True, there are times when we must deal with the world on its own terms.
True, we must battle evil. And certainly, we must acknowledge that we cannot do
it all on our own.
It is also true that each of these four approaches have
their time and place. But none of them is the vision to guide our lives and define
our relationship with the world about us. When the Jew is headed towards Sinai
and is confronted with a hostile or indifferent world, his response must be to
Not to escape reality, not to submit to it, not to wage war
on , not to deal with it only on a spiritual level, but to go forward. Do another
mitzvah, ignite another soul, take one more step toward your goal. Pharaoh's charioteers
are breathing down your neck? A cold and impregnable sea bars your path? Don't
look up, look forward. See that mountain? Move toward it.
And when you
do, you will see that insurmountable barrier yield and that ominous threat fade
away. You will see that despite all the "evidence" to the contrary,
you have it within your power to reach your goal. Even if you have to split some
seas. If only you move forward.
(Reprinted from Ascent Quarterly, based
on an essay by the author in Week in Review)